Schreiber-Bogen Card Modelling Temple in Jerusalem
to cut colored model and stick together!
Material: paper, cardboard
Number of sheets: 15,5
Scale: 1: 400
Additionally necessary: paper scissors, glue
Helpful tools: scalpel, bone folder, small clamps and needles for fixing
The manufacturer classifies his models in five levels of difficulty one:
"Children Model": very light and with childlike motifs
"0": beginners model
Historical to the temple in Jerusalem
The first temple in Jerusalem had built King Solomon. Him the Babylonians destroyed when they conquered Jerusalem and carried part of the population to Babylon. After their return home, the now ruling Persians allowed the rebuilding of the temple. This "Second Temple" was completed 515th He stood in the same place as the temple of Solomon. Centuries later built King Herod (37-4 v. Chr.) To the temple, embellished and enlarged the whole temple complex on an area of 500 x 300 meters. Huge masses of earth were piled up. The atria were built terraced so that the temple building was standing right in the middle and more exalted worked. According to a report of the Roman historian Flavius Josephus, the temple building was 45-50 meters long and 54-60 meters high. He described the temple in Jerusalem as "one of the greatest buildings of which one has ever heard" (Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews).
Castle Baris was located from the Maccabees, which was expanded by Herod and renamed "Tower of Antonia" on the northwest side of the temple grounds. From here, the Roman soldiers were able to monitor the Temple (The Bible, Acts 21, 27-40). The main entrance to the west of the temple led to the Court of the Gentiles, the round was surrounded by columned arcades. This is also where the halls, taught where and trade were operated. Set in the Court of the Gentiles was the real temple area, the model reproduces. This was a little higher and is accessible through nine gates. The most magnificent gate called "Beautiful Gate". The temple district were allowed to enter only Jews. All other faiths were not allowed entry to the temple area on pain of death. Which is reported in the Bible, for example, in the book of Acts. Excavations stones were found with inscriptions that indicated the death penalty.
The actual temple area was divided into three atria. The first court was open to the women. The adjoining atrium of the Israelites was the men reserved. The third atrium were only allowed to enter the priesthood. In this court of the priests slaughtered cattle, goats, sheep and doves were burned on a nine meter long altar. Besides stood six tank cars with water to clean the sacrificial meat and a large pool of bronze, 4.50 meters in diameter, with 75,000 liter capacity, which was supported by twelve oxen bronze figures.
The temple priests were only allowed to enter. Through the open doorway they came to the Holy to the priests porch and through a large door. There were the great seven-branched candlestick of gold, and the table of showbread, on which every week on the Sabbath, the feast of the Jews, two six loaves of bread were stacked. On the altar of incense, a priest burned morning and evening highly fragrant herbs. was separated by a curtain from the Holy the most holy place. Only the high priest was allowed once a year on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) in this space. The Holy of Holies was completely dark and empty. Here should be the ark, in which the stone tablets with the Ten Commandments were. The ark was, however, disappeared v since the Temple of Solomon in the 586th . Was destroyed AD. The Holy of Holies was considered the place was where God among his people. The curtain was a symbol of the separation between God and man. According to the Bible (Matthew, 51 27) tore the curtain when Jesus died on the cross. According to Christian belief, the rending of the veil is a sign of the removal of such separation.
The white temple was richly decorated with gold and precious stones. The Bible tells us in the New Testament, Jesus pointed his disciples to the beauty of the building. He then prophesied that no stone would be left on another of this building. In fact, the temple in AD 70 was. Destroyed n. Chr by the Romans. The treasures in the temple, including the seven-branched candelabrum took them to Rome. The temple foundations were found on the west side. They form the so-called Wailing Wall, where the devout Jews pray to God and to this day complain of their ruined temple. Today, located on the Temple Mount two sanctuaries of Muslims: the Dome of the Rock with its widely visible golden dome and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.