Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Columbus ship Santa Maria 1: 100
To cut colored model and stick together
Material: paper, cardboard
Number of sheets: 4.5
Unit: 1: 100
Additionally necessary: paper scissors, glue
Helpful tools: scalpel, bone folder, small clamps and needles for fixing
The manufacturer classifies his models in five levels of difficulty one:
"Children Model": very light and with childlike motifs
"0": beginners model
The Santa Maria was the main ship of the first expedition of Christopher Columbus. He reached the American continent. America was indeed earlier discovered by European sailors, but before Columbus this continent was still largely unknown. only possible to speculate about the construction and the size of his ship. It is believed that the ship about 25 m long and 8 m wide was. The Santa Maria was probably a Carrack, a widely used type of sailing ship from the waning Middle Ages. This was a three-master whose shape was very similar to the then widespread Hanse Kogge, but was much larger. The Santa Maria was the most famous representative of this type of ship. Columbus is said to have, however, noted in his journals that the ship for this expedition was entirely inappropriate.
Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa. He worked from 1480 as a cartographer and therefore studied charts and logbooks. He developed a plan for his first expedition. His goal was to discover a sea route to India and East Asia to the west. In various states, he courted support for his plan, but was rejected. It was not until 1486, the Spanish king showed interest in the plan. The beginning of 1492 there were the first negotiations. In the meantime, Columbus was financially supported by the Spanish King so that it could solicit any other state. The negotiations were difficult, because Columbus was far from modest. In return, he claimed the title of admiral and viceroy over the territories discovered for themselves. In April 1492, the negotiations could then nevertheless be successfully completed.
Accompanied by two other ships stood Columbus in August 1492 with the Santa Maria set sail. For repairs to one of the escorts he had in the Canary Islands to take a one-month break. On the way, the expedition was threatened mutiny of the sailors. In October 1492, Columbus and his crew reached the Bahamas, on continuing the trip they discovered Cuba and La Isla Espanola, today's Dominican Republic. On this island, the Santa Maria ran aground in December 1492 from the remains of the vessel houses were built, and Columbus called the resulting settlement La Navidad (Spanish for: Christmas). La Isla Espanola was the first colony of Spain. Columbus was used as their governor. In January 1493 Columbus sailed with the remaining ships back to Spain. Part of the team remained as settlers.
Shortly after his return from the first trip he prepared before his second journey. to discover his goal, a sea route to India and a country with a large gold deposits, he did not lose it out of sight. Columbus made four trips on which he lost a total of nine ships.